An analysis on the variations of the concept of power in the political and social environment

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Ionathan Junges
Tiago Anderson Brutti
Everton da Silveira
Adriana da Silva Silveira
Claudio Everaldo dos Santos


The concept of power acquires different meanings according to the dimension, the historical cut and the circumstances that are being analyzed. Power has been characterized as the base of state domination over civil society and individuals. However, the concept of power can not be reduced to a univocal sense, because it also occurs in interpersonal relationships and social micro-structures. This article reviews the literature on the subject from the works of Machiavelli, Hobbes, Arendt, Foucault, Bobbio and Bauman, highlighting the various configurations and manifestations of power, mitigating its centralization at the state instance and extending to other dimensions of society.


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Ionathan Junges, Brutti, T. A., Everton da Silveira, Adriana da Silva Silveira, & Claudio Everaldo dos Santos. (2019). An analysis on the variations of the concept of power in the political and social environment . International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 7(5), 412-418.
Author Biographies

Ionathan Junges, The University of Cruz Alta - UNICRUZ.

Student of the Law Course

Everton da Silveira, the University of Cruz Alta - UNICRUZ

Student of the Accounting Sciences Course

Adriana da Silva Silveira, Gama Filho University - UGF

Postgraduate in Business Communication

Claudio Everaldo dos Santos, University of Cruz Alta - UNICRUZ

Master in Sociocultural Practices and Social Development


[1] Hannah Arendt, “Origens do totalitarismo”, Companhia das Letras, São Paulo, 2012.
[2] Hannah Arendt, “Crises da república”, Perspectiva, São Paulo, 2015.
[3] Zygmunt Bauman, “Modernidade líquida”, Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2001.
[4] Zygmunt Bauman, “Vida para o consumo”, Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2008.
[5] Norberto Bobbio, “Estado, governo, sociedade: para uma teoria geral da política”, Paz e Terra, São Paulo, 2007.
[6] Thomas Hobbes, “O Leviatã”, Nova Cultura, São Paulo, 1999.
[7] Michel Foucault, “Microfísica do poder”, Ediçoes Grall, Rio de Janeiro, 2000.
[8] Eva Maria Lakatos; Marina de Andrade Marconi, “Fundamentos de metodologia científica”, Atlas, São Paulo, 2003.
[9] Roberto Machado, “Introduçao”. In: Michel Foucault, “Microfísica do poder”. Ediçoes Graal, Rio de Janeiro, 2000.
[10] Nicolau Maquiavel, “O Príncipe”, Folha de São Paulo, São Paulo, 2010.

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