Freedom and Truth in Public Sphere, and the Contest of Fake News

A Reflection from Kant and Hannah Arendt

Authors

  • Zilmara de Jesus Viana de Carvalho Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)
  • Matheus Costa e Costa Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)
  • Rayssa Marchão Araújo Universidade Federal do Maranhão- UFMA
  • Kamila Fernanda Barbosa Sampaio State University of Maranhão (UEMA)
  • Flávio Luiz de Castro Freitas Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss1.2884

Keywords:

Factual Truth, Politics, Lie, Freedom of Speech, Autonomy, Fake News

Abstract

It aims to  address the freedom of speech issue from a Kantian point of view, based on the concepts about public use of reason and thinking for oneself, the required conditions for publicity and its relation to fair, as opposed to the unfair and the lie. Moreover, this study addresses the problem of factual truth within the political sphere linked to the use of lies in the different means of communication, and how the fake news reveal themselves as dangerous to the current democratic states, it has, regarding this point, as the main theoretical framework Hannah Arendt's teachings.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Zilmara de Jesus Viana de Carvalho, Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)

Professor the Philosophy, Dept. of Philosophy and Graduate Program of Culture and Society, Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA)

Matheus Costa e Costa, Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)

Graduate Program of Culture and Society, Interdisciplinary Master, Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA)

Rayssa Marchão Araújo, Universidade Federal do Maranhão- UFMA

Graduate Program of Culture and Society, Interdisciplinary Master, Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA)

Kamila Fernanda Barbosa Sampaio, State University of Maranhão (UEMA)

Professor of the Philosophy Course, State University of Maranhão (UEMA), Brazil

Flávio Luiz de Castro Freitas, Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)

Professor of the Degree Course in Human Sciences and Graduate Program of Culture and Society, Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA)

References

KANT, I. An Answer to the Question: ‘What is Enlightenment?. In: Kant: Political Writings, Han Reiss (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

KANT, I. What Does It Mean to Orient Oneself in Thinking?. In: Religion and Rational Theology. Allen W. Wood and George Di Giovanni (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

KANT, I. Toward Perpetual Peace and Other Writings on Politics, Peace, and History. Pauline Kleingeld (ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.

KANT, I. The Conflict of the Faculties. New York: Abaris Book, 1979.

KANT, I. On a Supposed to Tell Lies from Benevolent Motives. In: Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason and Other Works on the Theory of Ethics. London: Longmans, Green, and Co, 1909.

KANT, I. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

KANT, I. Ideia de uma História Universal de um Ponto de Vista Cosmopolita. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2003.

TERRA, R.R. Juízo Político e Prudência em À Paz Perpétua. In: Kant no Brasil. São Paulo: Editora Escuta, 2005.

BOBBIO, N. Direito e Estado no Pensamento de Emanuel Kant. São Paulo: Mandarim, 2000.

CALORI, F. ‘Laut Denken’: a Transparência em Kant. In: O Público e Suas Normas. Maria Isabel Limongi, Vinicius de Figueredo e Luiz Repa (eds.). São Paulo: Barcarolla, 2015.

CHAVES,R. Política e Mídia: o Conflito entre Opinião e Verdade na Obra de Hannah Arendt. Revista Panorama, XI (1), pp. 66 -72, 2016.

BUCCI. E. Pós-política e Corrosão da Verdade. Revista USP, (116), pp. 19-30, 2018.

LAFER, C. Sobre a mentira. O Estado de São Paulo, July, 20, 2008. [Online]. Available: https://www.flc.org.br/sobre-a-mentira-celso-lafer/. [Accessed: Nov. 12, 2019].

LAFER, C. Hannah Arendt: Pensamento, Persuasão e Poder. Rio de Janeiro/São Paulo: Paz e Terra 2018.

PASQUINI, P. 90% dos Eleitores de Bolsonaro Acreditam em Fake News, Diz Estudo. Folha de São Paulo, Nov. 2, 2018. Available: https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/2018/11/90-dos-eleitores-de-bolsonaro-acreditaram-em-fake-news-diz-estudo.shtml. [Accessed: Aug. 18, 2020].

ARENDT, H. Truth and Politics. In: Between Past and Future. New York: Penguin Books, 2006.

ARENDT, H. Responsibility and Judgement. New York: Schoken, 2003.

AMORIM, P. H. Guardian Mostra como as Fakes News Elegeram Bolsonaro. Conversa Afiada, Oct. 30, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.conversaafiada.com.br/politica/guardi-mostra-como-as-fake-news-elegeram-bolsonaro. [Accessed: Aug. 19, 2020].

AVELAR, D. WhatsApp Fake News during Brazil Election ‘Favoured Bolsonaro’, The Guardian, Oct. 30, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/30/whatsapp-fake-news-brazil-election-favoured-jair-bolsonaro-analysis-suggests. [Accessed: Aug. 19, 2020].

Downloads

Published

2021-01-01
CITATION
DOI: 10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss1.2884

How to Cite

Viana de Carvalho, Z. de J., Costa, M. C. e, Marchão Araújo, R., Sampaio, K. F. B., & de Castro Freitas, F. L. (2021). Freedom and Truth in Public Sphere, and the Contest of Fake News: A Reflection from Kant and Hannah Arendt . International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(1), 146–158. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss1.2884
Received 2020-12-06
Accepted 2020-12-21
Published 2021-01-01